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Healthy eating habits aren't about following a strict diet plan. It's about making healthy food and drink choices as a part of what you do every day. This will help you to be the healthiest you can be.

An unhealthy diet comes with several issues, including greater risks for cancer, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Healthy eating can greatly reduce your risks for chronic disease.

Health Condition Specific Information

Choose from one of the health conditions below to see how lifestyle choices can impact your risk of developing that health condition.

Does HEALTHY EATING really help?

  • Adopting a diet high in vegetables and fruits may reduce the risk of a variety of cancers, including bladder, colorectal, esophageal, liver, lung, pancreas, and stomach.12
  • Eating an additional serving of vegetables or fruits can lower the risk of heart disease by 4%.7


Canada's Food Guide recommends eating plenty of vegetables and fruits. With a little planning, it is very possible to eat more vegetables and fruits every day:3

  • Breakfast: Raisins in cereal
  • Mid-Morning: A banana
  • Lunch: A sandwich packed with lettuce and tomatoes, along with a piece of fruit
  • Mid-Afternoon: Raw veggies and dip
  • Dinner: Stir-fry with vegetables


Whether sitting down for a family meal or packing a lunch, putting a healthy meal together is easier than you may think.

Select an item on the plate and learn how to create a balanced meal.

*Serving size based on recommended of food guide servings per day for females and males 19-50.


Everything we eat and drink matters and will affect our health in the future. Health Canada has set guidelines to help Canadians eat a diet that helps them to be their healthiest, which helps reduce their risk of chronic diseases. The guide covers what to choose, how much to eat and how to prepare the foods. It also groups foods by the different nutrients they provide, and the types and amounts of foods that are needed for healthy living.

Download your copy of Canada's Food Guide.


  • Eat vegetables and/or fruits at every meal.
  • Choose fresh fruits and vegetables as snacks.
  • Eat foods high in fibre like whole grains, vegetables, and fruit.
  • Drink water and avoid sugary drinks such as pop. Here are some tips for choosing healthy drinks.
  • Downsize portions to manage a healthy weight.
  • Eat lean meats, poultry, fish and meat alternatives such as tofu and pulses (beans, peas, lentils, chickpeas).
  • Limit processed meats.
  • Include small amounts of healthy fats such as vegetable oils, avocados and nuts; avoid trans fats.
  • Eat fewer processed and packaged foods, which often contain too much sodium, fat and/or sugar.
  • Eat out less. A healthy meal can take less than 30 minutes to prepare.
  • Slow down and enjoy your meal. Eat with others and turn off distractions like phones or a TV if they are present.

Cost is something you may think about when you spend money on food. The best way to cut down on your food bill is to eat out less often.

  • If you are looking for information on how to make healthy food choices in the grocery store while considering cost, see the Tips to Spend Less Money on Food (this resource is not intended for individuals and households who are unable to afford or access a basic healthy diet).


When it comes to eating healthy, there aren’t any shortcuts. For all the talk of celebrity diets and "superfoods", it’s more important to stick to the fundamentals of eating healthy. Most fad diets take things to an extreme, don't actually work and may be harmful in the long run. Experts already agree that no one food will suddenly change your health. Eating healthy is a lifelong habit, which may take some time to develop. Take it one small change at a time and make it part of your everyday life.